Food allergy is a reaction that causes some reactions in the immune system and is observed and diagnosed by various tests. A reaction in the immune system occurs when foreign substances enter the body, to protect the body against this foreign substance. The incidence is 6% in children and 1.5% in adults. Allergies caused by food additives are seen in 1% of the population. Most common allergens are usually cow milk, eggs, peanuts, corn, nuts, fish and shellfish. In cases of food allergies, foods that have no effect on many individuals may cause side effects to people with allergy.
If symptoms such as the following are observed after the consumption of certain foods, food allergy may be suspected:
Skin: Hives, irritation, itching, skin redness
Head: Swelling of the eyes, swelling of the eyelids, itching, swelling of the lips, swelling of the tongue, swelling of the gums (may be so severe as to cause respiratory failure), nasal shrinkage, swelling of the nasal mucous membranes (nasal obstruction)
Stomach: Stomach ailment, nausea, abdominal pain, pain, cramp, gas, diarrhea
Respiratory System (Rarely): Cough, sound and rustling in lungs, respiratory distress asthma
Food allergies and related allergies (preservatives, colorants, etc.) are increasing. Therefore, a complete identification (analysis) is necessary for the determination of the cause.