Allergy Data Base / Allergy Types/ Latex Allergy

It is a reaction that occurs in allergic bodies. When the skin or mucous membranes of a person (especially eyes, nose, lungs, mouth, anus and vagina) are contacted with the latex substances, chemicals such as histamine are released in the body and cause various reactions. If one person is allergic to latex, then this person probably is allergic to other rubber products. Because most of these products contain latex.

What exactly is Latex?

Some tropical plants contain latex, a milk-like liquid.
The most known of these is the rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis), the raw material of rubber products.

a) Latex allergy in the respiratory tract: triggered by proteins carried by the powder in latex gloves. This allergy can cause nasal discharge, burning and redness in the eyes, and asthma. The use of powdered gloves in a doctor's office is sufficient for this allergy to occur, as it will cause latex proteins to disperse into the air.

b) Urticaria caused by latex contact: It can also lead to rash, asthma, runny nose and eye pruritus.

The symptoms of the syndromes mentioned above usually occur between 5 and 30 minutes after the first contact with latex. The most dangerous consequence can be anaphylactic shock. If such symptoms observe after contact with latex-containing ingredients, you should consult a doctor or allergy specialist for the diagnosis. If you have allergy to latex, you should take all precautions to avoid products containing latex.

What contains Latex?

There are other plants that contain latex except rubber tree. Some ornamental plants in our homes for example; such as the Wild Fig (Benjamin) and Atatürk flower may contain latex ingredients.

Due to the cross-reaction some foods can cause allergic reactions in people with latex allergy. Some of these foods are: pineapple, banana, kiwi, hard-core fruit (eg peach, apricot, plum), mango, melon and watermelon, papaya, avocado, raw potatoes, raw tomatoes, chestnuts, pistachios, almonds. These can also cause allergic reactions, especially in children. While performing latex allergy testing, this possibility should be taken into account, although it is rarely seen.

There are about 40,000 products in the market that contain latex; this means that people with latex allergies can contact the latex almost everywhere, sometimes unaware.