Allergy Data Base / Allergy Types / Pollen Allergy
There are some changes occur in the nature when spring comes. One of these changes is the pollen which is released into the air and spreads by the wind for the fertilization which is seen among the same kind of plants. Pollen is popularly known as flower dust. These pollens are more intense in April-June. Pollen allergy affects many people's work and school life negatively.
The substances causing pollen allergy are pollens of many plants such as trees, shrubs, weeds, cereals, medicinal plants and less often flowers. Pollen allergens can trigger the following indication:
Nose: Sneezing, nose pulling, nasal inflammation (swelling of nasal membranes, difficulty in breathing nasal obstruction)
Eyes: Itching, redness, irritation, swelling (conjunctivitis)
Respiratory System: Cough, sputum respiratory distress (bronchitis), acute respiratory distress, asthma
Skin: Itching and irritation (eczema, rash, neurodermatitis)
Digestive System (Rare): Gas, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain
Pollen allergens are called respiratory allergies because we take pollens together with the air we breathe. They are classified according to the time of the highest pollen count of the year:
- Early flowering (ex. alder and hazelnut)
- Summer flowering (ex. birch tree, beech, herbs)
- Summer flowering (ex. herbs and cereals)
- Late blossoms (ex. mulberry and nettles)
The flowering periods are, as a rule, between the interval and the planting month. In addition to full flowering periods, individual pollen seasons and problems caused by pollen depend entirely on climatic and regional factors.